The Camel Milk Story from the Gobi Desert Mongolia

The story is hereby released at the eve of the World Camel Day 2018.

The author was invited by the newly established Mongolian Camel Milk Company. The group owns their camels in the desert as their half families live there with the precious livestock in the amazing Gobi.

img_51551-e1529573776340.jpgI started traveling from Dubai airport (2 am, 20th April) and reached Ulaanbaatar on the 21st morning 7 am (Cengiz Khaan International Airport) via Moscow by Aeroflot. The 12 hours stay in Moscow Sheremetyevo airport was an excellent experience of life as I slept in a small cabin available on rent, the first time in my life.

A Bank advertisement with camel, the first thing I saw on arrival

Sanaa and Enkhie (the trip organizers) received me at the airport and took me to the hotel (Khuvsgul Lake). Today, the program was composed of some meetings in the UB city with camel scientists/researcher, businessmen and visiting Changiz Khan Museum.

Me with Enkhie in Chansiz Khan Museum

Travel to South Gobi Desert

Next day, we traveled for more than 10 hours by road and reached South Gobi region. We traveled another 1:30 hour to reach the nomad Ger (house). The nomad family warmly welcomed us and we stayed overnight there. I slept in the Ger first time.Nomad house decorated with many camel medals

Gobi is a vast land with rich floral biodiversityThis time period of the year, the nomads do not milk the camels but to let the calf take it and get stronger. The Bactrian camels have beautiful small teats with a strongly attached compact udder.Bactrian camel is very good riding animal

Seeing Camels and Interviewing the Herder

Next day, I woke up in the morning and went to the camels. They are still roaming near the Ger with their calves. The calves are tied. I observed the calves and the dams and found them very healthy and stronger.

Types of camel

There are 3 types of Bactrian camels in the region, i.e.

  1. Galba Gobiin Ulaan (Reddish colored camel)
  2. Khaniin Khestiin Khuren (Brown colored camel)
  3. Thukhum MTungologiin kKhos Zogdott Khuren (double line neck hair)


Breeding Season

The breeding season starts in October and reached the peak in December and slowly decline and cease in April. Usually, one Bull is enough for up to 70 she-camels. The details of the production traits are given in the table below.

Table: The Production Traits of the Bactrian camel in the region

Months Conception Rate (%) Calving %age Avg. Milk (kg)
Jan 25 25 0.1
Feb 15 16 0.15
Mar 4 5 0.175
Apr 2 3 0.2
May 2 1 0.3
Jun 1 1 1.2
Jul 1 1 1.8
Aug 1 2 1.6
Sep 3 2 1.5
Oct 5 4 0.5
Nov 16 15 0.17
Dec 25 25 0.1

The table clearly indicates the breeding season, calving percentage, and the milk production. The Camel Milk is lower in quantity, producing from 1-3 liter/day but the milk is thick and full of energy to give special strength to the calf to survive in challenging environment. The average milk production based on my survey is 640 ml/day with lactation yield 233 kg. The lactation here calculated on the annual basis but in actual, the camel produces for up to 8 months.

Camel Milk Products

The nomads use camel milk as fresh directly. The surplus is converted into fermented product (Harmok). The Harmok is used very widely and some products are available in the market in Ulaanbaatar. For further details about Bactrian milk, you can go to the link Detailed Nutritional Composition of Bactrian Camel’s Milk


The surplus Harmok is converted into CM Vodka and the residues are used to make Curt. The curt and Vodka is offered to the guests as a unique product of the Gobi.

The Attachment of Nomads with camel

The nomads love their camel very much. They call it Temeh in the Mongolian language. They use camel for riding, racing, festivals, wool, and also for meat (in rare cases).

The Camel Milk Story “Theme of the World Camel Day 2018”

Dear friends and colleagues,
Greetings from the camels’ world.
We, the camel activists celebrate world camel day since last few years. Different groups of the people celebrate this day it in the different parts of the world in different ways. The idea behind celebrating world camel day is to aware the public and the policymakers regarding the important role of a camel in the food security under climate change scenario. World Camel Day (June 22)
Themes of Different Years
  • In 2016, the theme was “CAMEL FOR LIFE”
  • 2017, the theme was “Camel Journey from its original habitat to the modern world
  • 2018, the theme is “The camel milk story”
Anyone from any part of the world, who is interested to share his/er story can send it to my email, which will be shared via website with the name of the storyteller.
It is a great opportunity for the camel milk producing companies to share their stories (history and products etc) with the world.
Let’s celebrate this year world camel day as the awareness day for the precious milk of the camel.
Some link from the previous world camel days

Hope to hear from your side.

Beautiful Barela camel
A young camel herder with a Barela camel
This was an email, I sent to the camel people.

The Milking Camels of Australia~World Camel’s Day Gift

The beautiful series of World Camel’s Day (WCD) is continue. The recent updates are received by Hannah Purss from Australia. She is telling about her camel journey and the milking camels of Australia. Here is her article in the ensuing lines.

The disciplined Camel walking on grass instead of sand

“I was first introduced to camels when I was working in Central Australia, a hot, semi-arid region of the country. As I learnt about the valuable contribution camels made to Australia’s development, and the current wild population in the Australian deserts I realized what a valuable, yet wasted, commodity we have here. Dromedary camels do not roam free in other countries as they do in Australia, we are the only country that is yet to recognize their value. Here in Australia, wild camels are said to be in numbers above 300,000.  Most farmers and landholders that have access to wild camel populations view them as a pest, are uninterested in camels or are unsure of how to work with them.

 In 2014, Evan Casey and I founded Australian Camel Solutions Pty Ltd, a company that is based on solid and progressive camel handling and the development of the camel industry in Australia.

The safe and friendly transportation of camels

 In Queensland, in Australia’s east, we have co-founded The Australian Wild Camel Corporation Pty Limited, a commercial scale camel dairy company. Being on the east coast of Australia means we can be closely linked with universities, academics and various dairy, camelid and veterinary experts.

We have been in operation for around six months now. We are having the most remarkable experience putting our theories and plans into practice, and as a team we are learning more each day.

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Hannah Caring her camels

Currently we are milking over 50 camels and as we move into Australian calving season, we hope to increase that number rapidly. The training program we use to bring camels from completely wild and out of the desert into our milking herd was developed by our company, Australian Camel Solutions, and is based on body language and the communication methods we’ve picked up from the camels themselves. In our dairy training program, we don’t use ropes or restraints on the animals which has helped us tremendously in the speed we can train them, and in keeping their stress levels down during the process. On farm, we have a vibrant, young team and it is especially exciting for me to see them growing in their camel handling skills and their passion for the industry. At TAWCC, we are passionate about fostering a supportive and progressive camel community.

The Camel Milk

We have been conducting lots of product development – from fresh milk, to ice cream, yogurt and more. Our milk is currently being used to produce our own brand of camel milk soaps and skincare products. The skincare products are currently available only in selected stores, but very soon we will have them more readily available in Australian stores, online and hopefully around the world.

The Happy, Healthy, Alert and Beautiful Camels of Australia

A very Happy World Camel Day from Australia!”

Hannah Purss, Australian Camel Solutions PTY LTD

France is discovering camels~Endorsement of World Camel’s Day


As a series of world camel’s day endorsement from all over the world, I have received this piece of information from the head of the Dromacity France. She (Fra) is very vibrant and energetic and supporting camels her best at all levels. ” France is discovering camels (small and big) and the government is currently thinking about how to identify and take inventory of those animals. Non-endemic in France, camels are always imported and it is usually done without any tractability. The government wants to order animals’ marking in order to limit health risks linked to the introduction (sometimes by mafia) of those animals classified as ‘exotic’ so ‘unusual’ by French customs services.IMG_5419.JPG

Dromacity participates to Ministry’s workshop which aims to create a common database for camels’ owners and holders. Today, almost only vets worked on the legislative text whereas they have only a few experiences with those animals. DromaSud will be appointed by the Ministry to bring their knowledge and share their experience with vets, in order to help them know how to approach camels (less fear for small camels as llamas or alpacas).
In France, camels owners are rarely professionals (vets or farmers) but are usually fans who own few animals and never herds. Nevertheless, they have a major demand, claimed also by DromaCity: change the classification for camels, from ‘exotic’ to ‘livestock’ as horses. This change would allow free importation of animals selected by the buyer and will limit expensive sells managed by sellers who owns non-healthy animals (diseases, physical and/or psychological defects).
We hope that French government will change its mind on this law and open its borders to our favorite animals: Camel!
This the fight we are leading!

What is said in the law:

Camels’ owners and holders must now register their animals in the common database.
Holders have to mention the place where they hold the animal, and owners have to ensure the follow-up of ownership.

Moreover, registration of the identification of camels being in France has to be done by the person doing the identification: the owner in case of the auricular mark or the vet in case of the subcutaneous transponder.

With race camel in Dubai, 2015

eSIRECam database should be live in the second semester of 2016, camels owners will then have 1 year to be compliant with the law and register their animals.”

The Best Option for Sustainable Food Production in Challenging Environment ~is the Promising Camel

Happy Camel’s Day (WCD)

Among the camel’s world, the subcontinent is the region where the day starts first. It is 22nd June in the subcontinent, so I can safely say Happy Camel’s Day. At the occasion of WCD, I started the series of articles based on the documents/material sent from different corners of the world. As my own share, I want to express my views on the role of the camel as a farm animal in NENA region.

Not the ship but the gift of the desert

Near East and North Africa (NENA) is one of the driest and challenging landscapes on the face of the earth. The major percentage of the global deserted lands fall in this region, making it a hostile ecosystem for many other livestock species. Nature blessed the region with the highly adapted and unique livestock species “the Camel”, well said as Ataullah in Arabic.

As mentioned in the holy book Quran “do they do not look at camel; how strange it is created?” the camel is the animal of unique characteristics’ making it the most valuable creature of the drylands. The people living in this region, especially the camel herders and pastoralists depend on the camels for food, accessibility, and other livelihoods. Camel produces milk in very high ambient temperatures and other climatic challenges, in the same environment, other livestock species are hard to survive. Camel is not in competition with any other livestock as camel browse on very woody and bushy vegetation.

The desert’s friend…

In the climate change scenario and fragile security (in some parts of Iraq, Libya, Yemen, and Syria) camel is the animal of choice to provide precious food items as milk (primary product) and meat to ensure the survival of the people. Camel farming needs very low input making it a sustainable profession.

Based on my experience and scientific findings, I can say that camel is the most sustainable farm animal in the region. The cow model (cow dairies) is not sustainable in such a hostile ecosystem and the milk produced is very expensive if calculated in the ecosystem model as the cow needs many times more water to produce one liter of milk. The camel tolerates very high ambient temperatures, on a contrary, the cow needs a cooling system (using fossil oil) to produce milk in the same situation.

Camel ensures accessibility in the remote areas

The quality of camel milk is very appreciating than that of cow milk. Free of allergen protein, intolerant lactose and low in the saturated long chain, fats making the camel milk the best choice for health sensitive people. The region needs to ensure joint efforts for making policies regarding the food and agriculture and keep the camel on top priority as an animal of food security in climate change scenario.

They are not in competition with other livestock species

The organization “Camels4Life” which is an advocacy group supporting camel’s cause,  is always willing to support both governments and NGOs for finding ways to use a camel as a sustainable farm animal contrast to its old vision of beast of the burden.

For more details, please go to the link below.

Camel Milk Has Gained Interest and Sales in the US—A World Camel’s Day History and Update

The series of World Camel’s Day, these updates are sent by Christina Adam from the USA. She is well known for her initiatives ‘using camel milk for autistic patients’.

Christina Adams MFA, USA, Contact:, Twitter@camelmilkinfo,

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Camel in Texas at Baum family farm

Camel milk for human consumption has enjoyed a recent sharp spike in the US. Trends in autism and health-related awareness led the young domestic industry from almost zero consumers to thousands in four years. Camel milk is an exciting new product, yet the lack of domestic camel history in the US means camel milk causes ‘upturned noses.’ People are afraid it will taste ‘weird.’ That’s why the sick-person market is the main target of domestic producers. Only the ill or adventurous will try it, and the per-bottle cost of $12-25 USD is a deterrent to healthy people. But autism and food allergies/intolerance in pediatric patients are insufficiently treated with mainstream medicine, so parents like these are willing to use alternative and supplemental products like camel milk– not only to alleviate these problems but for well-tolerated dairy products for baking, drinking and travel use.

Camel milk for human consumption has enjoyed a recent sharp spike in the US. Trends in autism and health-related awareness led the young domestic industry from almost zero consumers to thousands in four years. Camel milk is an exciting new product, yet the lack of domestic camel history in the US means camel milk causes ‘upturned noses.’ People are afraid it will taste ‘weird.’ That’s why the sick-person market is the main target of domestic producers. Only the ill or adventurous will try it, and the per-bottle cost of $12-25 USD is a deterrent to healthy people. But autism and food allergies/intolerance in pediatric patients are insufficiently treated with mainstream medicine, so parents like these are willing to use alternative and supplemental products like camel milk– not only to alleviate these problems but for well-tolerated dairy products for baking, drinking and travel use.

2016-06-08 16.47.57Bottles of frozen US camel milk

My son was perhaps “patient zero” in the use of camel milk for autism in the US. When he developed autism, and was later diagnosed at age 2.9 years, I learned diet was a key part of managing symptoms for many kids. When I removed cow dairy products from his diet, his language improved and his red cheeks faded within weeks. Later, it became clear that cow dairy products worsened his autism symptoms. When he was around 5, eating pizza with the cheese removed caused him to walk in circles and hand-flap (classic autism symptoms) and he stated “it feels like there’s dirt in my brain.” Back then, only time and sometimes digestive enzymes would lessen the symptoms. (His recovery process is told in A Real Boy: A True Story of Autism, Early Intervention and Recovery, Intervention-Recovery/dp/0425202437?ie=UTF8&ref_=cm_cr_pr_product_top).2016-04-30 14.32.48.jpg

American women learn to groom camels at Oasis Camel Dairy

When he was seven, I met a man with a camel and his comment that camel milk was used in hospitals in the Middle East for premature infants due to being perceived as non-allergenic made me seek it out. After finding camel milk allergy and autism articles from Dr. Reuven Yagil, at great expense I imported raw frozen camel milk from Bedouins in the Middle East. After drinking 4 ounces of milk, my son experienced an incredible overnight improvement in his autism symptoms (outlined in my GAHM Journal article It also became effective as a treatment for his negative food responses to dairy, sugar and caffeine, such as hyperactivity, insomnia, oppositional and giddy behavior, often working within 15 minutes.

 I told many people about camel milk and increased my research, so when I learned that American Amish farmers were milking camels in 2011, I went public with our experience in 2012. International articles, speaking and radio shows help me spread the word about this natural healing substance. I feel very positive about camel milk, because even when it doesn’t cause a large improvement in a given child’s autism symptoms, it offers a widely tolerated source of calcium and nutrients for children and adults ona dairy-free diet.

Word spread widely also due to a Facebook group called Healing with Camel Milk, which was started by two mothers of health-impaired kids. Online sources like these, including my Facebook page and Twitter@camelmilkinfo, have helped parents learn about the milk and find safe sources. While I’ve helped families with autistic kids since 2000, now the daily messages are due to camel milk and autism. These come from the US and people around the globe.

Camels have been a force for good, unifying sick people and those who can help them, with camel milk historically being given to the sick in other countries. I’ve been pleased to discover that camel farmers in the US and professionals camel dairies in other countries have been very sympathetic to their customers, giving discounts to the most needy and using clean production methods. In the US, there are currently around 10 camel dairies, from those milking a single camel to one producing over a thousand bottles per week. Raw is the dominant form of milk, with pasteurized a distant second. Camel milk kefir and colostrum are also sold. New technology like flash-pasteurizing and sales of imported powered milk and chocolates add to the dairy farmers’ sales. Imported camel milk will appear in additional products soon. Yet the primary fluid milk market remains autism.Camel! A One in All Creatures

The tiny US industry will certainly grow once more people become aware of the potential benefits. Due to a lack of camel history and educational centers familiar with the animals, such US awareness will take time. In the meantime, I don’t have to go to the airport and wait for midnight flights from the desert anymore. I have delicious cold milk delivered straight to our doorstep. It may be less exciting, but nothing feels as good as opening a big insulated cooler with 40 bottles of frozen camel milk, and stacking them neatly inside my freezer. It is a feeling of richness and peace, one the camel cultures of the world know well—except they don’t need a freezer. They have camels.

Unfortunately, some quarters blaming camels for spreading MERS disease which is all lie and void of scientific support. Blaming Dromedary Camel For MERS

The Multipurpose Camels of Iran~ World Camel’s Day

As a series of World Camel’s Day gifts (information, pictures and videos etc) is continue, this new report is hereby received from Dr Mahnaz Salehi. She is the member of scientific board of Animal Science Research Institute Animal fibers, skin and leather camel management specialist. Her report was converted and amended briefly. Here is the report about the camel status in Iran.

The camels of Iran

Nearly 150,000 Dromedary camels are lived in desert areas (South and Central) of Iran; the majority of country’s camel is dromedary. Most of these camels still not been identified, because for extensive rearing system and release of camels in most parts of the country. The other factor is camels are often mixed together and crossbreed by the other foreign camel from Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Therefore they are divided into dual and multi-purpose (meat-milk and wool-meat); milk type and riding camel. The major breeds contained as followed:

  1. Dual purpose camels:
Balochi Breed

Balochi camels in central, east and south east at the border lines of Afghanistan and Pakistan. This breed is known as Kharani breed in Balochistan and very good in milk production.

Kalkuei Breed of camel

Kalkuei camel found in central parts of Iran.

Zahedani Camel

Zahedani camel in south east at the border lines of Pakistan. This camel is also found in Pakistani Balochistan.

Mahabadi camel in Esfahan province in central
Mahabadi Camel Breed

Mahabadi camel is found in Esfahan province in central Iran

Dashti camel.jpg
Dashti camel (Desert)

Dashti camel, their origin is in Boushher province (south of Iran) near the Persian Gulf

Arabi Camel

Arabi camel found in Kozestan and Boushher provinces near the Iraq boarder



Yazdi camel breed

Yazdi camel found in central of country in yazd province.

  1. The milk type camel
Turkmani breed

Turkamani, raising in Gonbad and Gorlestan province in North East of Iran. This camel is widely use by pastoral people.


  1. Riding type


Bandari Breed (coastal)

The Bandari camel breed is found in south at the coastal line of Persian Gulf


These camels are divided into two branches, riding (Jamaz camels) and pack camels. Their origin is south or south east of Iran near the Pakistan boards and their number are reducing gradually.


Jamaz breed of Sistan Balochistan

Jamaz of Sistan and Baluchestan camel found in south-east along the border lines of Pakistan. This breed is also found in Pakistani Balochistan.

RoodBari camels 

Roodbari camel and the other type of camel from Kerman province in south. This breed also found in the adjoining areas of Pakistani Balochistan.

  1. Bactrian (two hump) camels
Bactrian camels of Iran

Now there are only about 200 Bactrian camels in Ardabil and Moghan (North West of country) and due to its small population, this breed is enlisted as an endangered species

Two hum Bactrian camels in Golestan (North of Country)

Unfortunately there are very few specimen left to exist. This breed is near to extinction.


  1. crossbreed camel

There are also around 1000 crossbreed camel for benefit hetrosis in central regions. 

Crossbred (B male * D Female) in rural and station breeding farms

There are also around 1000 crossbreed camel for benefit hetrosis in central regions.


Mahnaz Salehi –World Camel Day 2016


Ghan, Camel, the Landscape~ Gifted by Debi Robinson for World Camel’s Day

The series of World Camel Day gifts is happily continue. Debi Robinson is continuously sending pictures as she is on the Ghan track travelling with camels’ cart (she has designed). She has gifted very heart touching pictures from the field.

Debi with her camel cart on the road along the Ghan line
Debi Robinson with her camel cart on the road alongside the Ghan line

According to Debi “The timeline for camels starts with explorers..then the surveyers…well sinking parties..telegraph line builders and finally the Ghan trainline..all following the same camel pads who took stores and mail into the inland.”


She told “A pity I have not got to Farina and beyond where Ghan towns and mosques as well as gravesites are to be found..I will send you all I can anyway if you are interested..but all the rain here has made a slow but memorable trek

She also suggested to read the book about the Ghan cameleers. “Do you have a copy of ‘Muslim Cameleers’ in Australia?? This is by far the best reference book..

The well excavated by Ghans that time

She is very much concern as she said “Sad to learn that the track I have just come through will become a nuclear dump and closed very soon..I am so glad I was able to see it now. Mmm especially as it is for French waste”




World Camels’ Day and The Ghan’s Camels

Being part of the Ghans, it gives me immense pleasure having pictures of camels from Australia. The Afghan people introduced camel in Australia, so they call it animal of Ghan. Ghan is also very famous train route crossing the central desert of Australia. The camels were used that time to install the railway and telephone lines. After the automobile revolution, the camels were gradually left in the rangelands because of very little use in the country for work.

Australia Camel gift WCD.
The camel looks like Kohi camel of Suleiman Mountainous region of Pakistan.
Kohi camel.jpg
Kohi camel of Suleiman Mountainous region of Pakistan

Once the Australian government decided to decrease the number of camels and started killing this precious animals.. With the concerns of the international camel community (author was part of this struggle), some people and organizations came forward to bring this animal into hobbling and food production systems (meat and milk). My friend Paul has sent me the pictures of his camels brought from the jungle. He is bringing camels from feral, train them and use for milk or gift to friends. Thanks Pol for such a precious gift at the eve of the World Camel Day (22 June).

Australia camel gift WCD.jpg
Mammoth sized camel of Australia, can be a good source of meat

Thanks Pol and Happy Camel Day to all camel lovers

World Camels’ Day Gift Pictures From Chilie

As you all know, 22nd June is world camels’ day. I have asked from my camel colleagues all over the world to send their success stories regarding camels, events, picture etc. I have received pictures from Cecilia Norambuena from Chile. The pictures are about the landscape where the South American Camelids inhibit and also the camelids itself.


Here is what she wrote regarding the pictures she shot. “In temuco city, south of Chile, near to vulcanos, forestry and lakes (araucania region of Chile). Desserts are at north of our country. We need at least 6 days to visit the places where camelids live. Look at the pictures that i topk today”.

Alpaca..jpgThe camelids are shy and alert animals. They are very special and beautiful.


The lucky and happy camelids in their habitat. Blessed with beauty, the unique habitat.

Alpaca from Chillie

The beautiful camelids are going back to their pavilion.

Any body from any part of the world can share his/er stories, either pictures, stories or success report. I’m looking forward to hear from you soon…


My Camel Story and World Camel Day (22 June)

Camel has been part and parcel of my life. Seeing camel caravans, moving Afghan nomads and salts traders made a strong picture of a camel on my mind. A decade earlier severe arthritis (Rheumatoid Arthritis) almost killed me and I was unable to move from the bed. An old wise man advised me to move to camel breeding area and take fresh camel milk regularly. I started my new life while obeying the advice and reached the Suleiman Mountainous Region of Balochistan (the camel heartland). I lived with the camel people, enjoyed their company, learned a lot about camels and took camel milk regularly. I established a viewpoint that camel milk is natural pharmacy not just white fluid milk. I recovered soon and in a short time and started climbing mountains.Rejuvenating into Peer Reviewed Science, The Traditional Knowledge is Worth to be Advocated

camel for blog.jpg
Sindhi camel having great potential of milk

I forgot the pain of my joints and started feeling very energetic and happy person in a short period. I returned to normal life and decided to further explore camel and its unique products, especially the milk. I joined university and completed my Ph.D. (2009) work on camel milk production ability and pattern of lactation of the mobile camel herds.

Author with the camels’ Pastoralists in Cholistan desert of Pakistan

Documenting the lactation curve of the mobile camel herd was the first of its kind study in camel world. I knew the results of my research that camel is really an amazing animal and produce precious milk in the hottest and harshest period of time where other animals can hardly survive. A dent in the lactation curve can hardly be noticed even in the hottest and feed shortage period of the year. Along with the beauty of camel milk and other products, I found the camel pastoralists very loving, caring and hospitable people. I felt at home while roaming with them in the countryside away from my family. I felt myself so close the nature and natural people. I am once again thankful for my camel pastoralists, those who always offered me warm hospitality and support in the situation where I was almost broken. DSC01463

I started great feelings about the camel and thinking about its worth as natural healer in all aspects. Even living close to camel gives me a sense of care and protection. As a sadness, on the other hand, I felt in the society that the policymakers and people in the cities are unaware of the true worth of camel. I felt that information and awareness about camel are very scarce. I approached my friends and colleagues and suggested the concept of world camel day. Ultimately we agreed on a world camel day on the eve of the hottest period of time of the year. A camel day on 22 June was declared as world camel day. We are celebrating this day in last 3 years.  This year I decided to write my story and ask other colleagues to share their stories with the camel. Again world camel day is approaching but this time it is in the month of Ramadan. I am also away from my country and my beloved camel people. I appeal you all to spread awareness on the camel that day and tell the world about the importance of the camel. Such awareness will be a great way to celebration camel day.I am looking forward to having the stories of the other colleagues soon before the world camel day. I shall publish it on my blog page.

Below is the link regarding world camel days.


I need your camel kindness and support

Marrecha Camel~An all purpose camel of Cholistan, Pakistan

Dancing camel

Dancing of the Marrecha Camel of Pakistan.

The Cholistan desert is part of the ancient Hakra River civilization, one of the oldest of the Aryan settlers in the Indian subcontinent. It is one of the largest deserts in Pakistan, inhabited by around 1.2 million Rohi pastoral people practicing mobile livestock husbandry. This production system is extremely important for food security and conservation of livestock and landscape.

The camel is one of the important animal genetic resources and about 80,000 are found in the desert. The main tribe with camel herds is Marrecha. The desert pastoralists also raise goats, sheep and cattle breeds. The major camel breed is Marrecha following by Brela. The precious camel genetic resources are under threat due to commercial agricultural practices, land grabbing and faulty development projects.IMG-20160730-WA0023.jpg

The policies come from the top and pastoral peoples do not participate in formulating strategies for development. Hence the projects are not supported by local livestock keepers and always result in failure. There is an urgent need to save this pastoral livestock system, especially the camel breeds. It is suggested that niche marketing, value addition, ecotourism and participation of pastoral people in development policies may help achieve this goal. Organization of the livestock keepers in the region can be an efficient tool to halt land grabbing.

For details, please click at the link below;

World Camel Day, Activity Report from University of Agriculture Faisalabad (UAF)


June 22, 2012 (Fri)

The World Camel Day (WCD) was celebrated by the Dept of Livestock Management with the collaboration of the Camel Association of Pakistan (CAP) on June 22, 2012 (Fri). This event was attended by a variety of people more than 300 including the University Faculty, students and farmers in a full pack New Senate Hall at UAF despite a sever load shedding of June. The Faculty from UVAS, Lahore, IUB Bahawalpur and many progressive farmers and breeders like Messrs Mumtaz Ahmad K Manais and Ahmad Yar Khan Manais. The event was inaugurated by the honorable Vice Chancellor, UAF followed by the presentation by scientists and camel experts (as per program attached). Dr Abdul Rehman (DLO Faisalabad) alongwith his colleagues from the Livestock and Dairy Development also made a significant share among participants.

Prof Dr Iqrar Ahmad Khan, the Vice Chancellor inaugurated the seminar in New Senate Hall at 9:30 am. Among the Speakers were Dr Muhammad Riaz (Dept of LM), Dr Muhammad Younas (Dept of LM), Dr Muhammad Afzal (IAN&FT), Dr Muhammad Ashraf Iqbal Mughal (DLF, Lahore), Dr Tanvir Hussain Turabi (IUB, Bahawalpur), Dr Muhammad Abdullah (Dean, UNVAS, Lahore), Dr Khlaid A Khan (BLPRI, Kherimurat), Mr Mumtaz K Manais (Progressive Farmer), and Dr Muhammad Sarwar (Dean FAH, UAF).

Dr Muhammad Riaz threw light on the significance of the need and importance of celebration of the World Camel Day. Dr Muhammad Younas made a detailed presentation on “How the Camels are Made” and elaborated various attributes of the Pakistani camel and its position in the national and international markets. The light was thrown on camel creation, breeds, its special attributes, body conformation, distribution, desert survival, temperament and behavior, feeding and water conservation, camel milk, racing, dancing, and comparison of the camel around the world. Dr Muhammad Afzal made a detailed presentation on the camel feeding requirements. Singing of Camel Songs were performed by Mr Waqar Ahsan et al. the University students.

The CAP arranged competitions among students before the World Camel Day. The winners were awarded prizes by the Guest of Honor Mr Mumataz K Manais, Dr M Asharf Mughal and Prof Dr Muhammad Sarwar for the Camel Drawings and cartoons from Lab School (Ayesha Iqbal, Noor-ul-Huda & Umme-e-Habiba), Urdu essay Lab High School (Almas Zulfiqar, Aamina Nawaz & Wajiha Yasmeen), English Essay from DVM and AS students (Rehana Kanwal, Fakhr-un-Nisa & Aneela Pervez), Essay from PARS Community College (Amna Arshad, Salman Younas & Benish Ashfaq & Umar Shahzad), Camel articles (Ahmad Muneeb Anwar, Adeel Arshad & Asad Riaz) and Camel flexes from PG students (Abdul Rauf Khalid, Roman Farooq Alvi and Asim Faraz).

A vote of thanks was extended by Dr Muhammad Younas. Many thanks were extended to Ghazi Brothers, Endowment Fund Secretariat (EFS), TV, print media and PO, PRP and his staff. The pain taken and cooperation extended by the livestock farmers and camel breeders was highly appreciated. The efforts of the faculty members, Dept colleagues and staff, Faculty members and the worthy Dean, Faculty of Animal Husbandry for their help and cooperation was acknowledged.

After the seminar, camel exhibitions were inaugurated. Later on camel rides were made available for the kids, students and families. The Faculty and staff also had camel rides across the Campus to appreciate the Camel utility for all purposes including milk, meat, riding, racing, pulling and ploughing. Later on camel milking was shown to all participants, milk-soda was offered to the Faculty and guests. Some people tasted the camel milk first time in their life and they enjoyed drinking camel milk.

A lot of media coverage was given by the FM Radio 100.4 of the Campus. Many TV Channels including Sohni Dharti, GEO, Express, and Dunya were present to cover all events of this Day. Print media also covered these day long activities in their papers. Dr Muhammad Younas (Chairman Dep of Livestock Management, UAF), Prof Dr Muhammad Sarwar, Dean FAH and Mr Mumtaz Khan Manais ex-Livestock Minister Govt of the Punjab, spoke at this occasion and highlighted the camel attributes to different media channels.

The Camel souvenir like Camel Cap, Camel Shirts and Camel Cups were displayed for public interest. Many students, Faculty and visitors liked the souvenirs prepared at this occasion. The Camel Shirts and Caps were prepared by the courtesy of Rao Abdul Qadeer from Bahawalpur, while Camel Cups were got prepared by the Dept of Livestock Management. All participants were offered lunch after the Juma prayer in lobby of the Iqbal Auditorium.

The general body meeting of the CAP members was held at 4 pm after the lunch in the New Senate Hall, UAF. All members of the CAP were invited for this meeting through email, notices and announcement made at the WCD Seminar. The meeting was chaired by Dr Muhammad Iqbal Ashraf Mughal, DLF, Lahore. The main items on agenda were: (i) welcome and an overview of the CAP for the participants, (ii) approval of the minutes from previous meeting, (iii) review of the CAP and World Camel Day activities, (iv) report from the committees (scientific, by-laws, etc.), (v) International Camel Conference (ICC) in Pakistan in 2013, (vi) venue of the next World Camel Day 2013, (vii) website of the CAP, (viii) raising membership and fee collection for the CAP, (ix) site for the International Camel Conference (ICC) in Pakistan, (x) filling of vacant posts in the CAP cabinet, and (xi) any other item or concern of the participants.

Some of the suggestions received from the members were (1) one member need to be taken from Gilgit & Baltistan, (2) representative of the progressive livestock farmers from Cholistan, Thal, Tharparker, Balochistan and Baltistan, (3) invitation to companies working in and across the country on R&D of Camel specie. A detailed SWOT analysis of the activities of the CAP was made and all inputs were honored. Scientific and By-Laws Committee progress was reviewed and the conveners were asked to expedite their work and report back to president within two wks. Regarding the scientific committee the progress was also slow, however the Dept of Livestock Management has collected and published all related research material, books, handout and articles throughout the country and given to all participant in their folders. The Scientific Committee was further asked to increase the contact with the camel herders to increase R&D on camel and suggest some measure to be taken by CAP. The marketing Committee was asked to raise their voice against illegal and indiscrimination smuggling of the best camels from the country and create awareness about camel business for the best interest of the herders.

As the venue of the ICCP has been selected at IUB in Nov 2013 by the house, all members were asked to get ready and start preparing for this event and the representative of the IUB was asked to convene an inaugural meeting to start the related activities. The IUB should take a lead for the ICCP and CAP will help to use its resources for the success of this event. The issue of website for CAP was also taken seriously and it was decided that the concerned committee has given its first draft and it is willing to accept all suggestions from the members. They will look forward their suggestions to expedite the work. The monogram of the CAP has been revised and made available to all concerned. Dr Muhammad Lateef (Treasurer of the CAP) updated the house regarding the membership collection and he informed about the CAP account opening and handling.

Towards the end of the meeting Dr M Ashraf Mughal briefed the house about his comments and appreciated the Dept of Livestock Management for taking this initiative on camel and celebrating this WCD in a befitting manner. The next meeting of CAP was suggested after 6 months or so. The meeting ended with a word of thanks by the President CAP at 5 pm to all participants for making this event a great success.

These minutes were prepared through the courtesy of the president (Dr M Younas) as I was stuck in the celebrations of the World Camel Day at Lasbella University.


Dr Muhammad Younas


Dr Abdul Raziq Kakar


World Camel Day at UAF, 22 June 2012Image

We Celebrate the Worlds’ Hardest Animal Day, A world Camel Day (22nd June)

The Strong and Brave, Tolerate hottest days of the year (22 June), A world Camel Day
The Brela camel of Pat. The highly tolerant and adapted camels of Sibi plains (Pat) of Balochistan. Here the people say the heat waves come from the hell and mercury touches 52 Celsius in Summer. I took this picture on 22nd June and there were really heat waves of the hell but these camels were happily enjoying the sunshine in the Pat (barren land)

Camel, the tolerant, adaptable, docile and loving creature especially gifted by nature to the harsh and hostile ecosystems of the world.  The people living in such regions are really blessed and gifted with this unique creation. Unfortunately, in the fast world and fast life era, this unique gift was either ignored or undermined by different quarters especially the policymakers. The author, therefore, proposed a day (22nd June) to think and think about this precious animal and spread awareness to give proper place again. Thanks to all my friends and colleagues, including scientists, activists, and family members who supported this cause and now the people have realized the importance of this great friend of mine~ The dear Camel.

Brahvi breed.jpg
Another very special breed of the camel in the region is Brahvi camel. The breeders are in love with the black color and they select for such coat of camel.

A real camel day 22nd June in the Pat of Sibi. This day was a tribute to these very special and unique animal in the Pat of Sibi. We took milk from them and made Sourine (the fermented milk in Balochi culture). Hence a world camel day was celebrated on 22nd June. Though 21st June is the longest day in northern hemisphere 21st June is dedicated to World Music Day. This picture was shot in the hottest place of Pakistan (Sibi), in the hottest month (June). The camels are sitting naked to the sunshine, enjoying regurgitation.

Not only the harsh summers, but the camel equally tolerate the extreme cold weathers of the regions like Gobi desert.

Bactrian Camels in the South Gobi Province of the Mongolia
I shot this picture in the month of the May. Though the weather was not hot still the environment is not very friendly for the exotic livestock.