Afghan Cameleers in Australia

The Afghan cameleers (majority Afghan but all the other cameleers) play a vital role in the early development of the Australia. Those who are interested to read further in the details, can read the book (picture 1), Australian Muslim Cameleers, which provides details about the history and role of those great cameleers.

The Afghan cameleers (majority Afghan but all the other cameleers) play a vital role in the early development of the Australia. Those who are interested to read further in the details, can read the book (picture 1), Australian Muslim Cameleers, which provides details about the history and role of those great cameleers.

One hundred and sixty years after the first camels and their cameleers arrived in Australia to aid explorers, the Royal Australian Mint celebrates the substantial contribution of the Afghan cameleers to Australia’s inland development. The cameleers, who came from countries including Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkey, were indispensable for their exploration efforts and for carrying goods to inland communities. Their contribution is celebrated with the release of these special 50c Silver Proof and Uncirculated Coins.

One can easily buy via the link

I would certainely like to share some shots of the pages of the book ‘Australia’s Muslim Cameleers Pioneers of the Inland 1860-1930. The first camellers arrive for the Burke and Wills Epedition, 1860.

From the Archives, first camellers reached to Australia.

For the interest of the people (esp; Afghan), I hereby share some photographs of the book with the name and pictures of the camelers to have some idea about their homeland and tribes. Also, their names are very interesting and so their background information.

Shaurang is very old name in Pashtu, very rarely use these days.
This man in the picture looks like Marri, Buzdar or Bugti Baloch. They travelled to Australia with their camels and played a great role.
Sayed Naseer is mentioned as from Quetta, Afghanistan. It will be very interesting for the new generation of Pashtun Afghan living in the land now in Pakistan.
Noor Muhammad from Ghazni

Unfortunately, the camels in Australia are under great pressure and challenge. You can find some views about the Australian camels issue in my articles.

Also, you can read about the whole picture of the importance of camels and the way they can be use as a great asset.

I’m looking forward to hear from you with suggestions and comments.

The future of Mongolian nomadic lifestyle under debate! Same situation of other nomadic societies in the world

The report is self explainatory. The situation of other Nomadic societis is almost the same.

Listen and download: Dr Caroline Upton talks on the issues facing Mongolian nomadic herders

 Geographers from the University of Leicester are involved in research on pastoralism, environment and livelihoods at a critical juncture in decision making over the future of Mongolia’s rural areas.Image

 The two year study, Community, Place and Pastoralism: Nature and Society in Post-Soviet Central Asia, funded by the Leverhulme Trust and involving work in both Mongolia and Kazakhstan, led to a meeting in Ulaanbaatar in September 2012, organised by the University of Leicester team and their Mongolian colleagues. At this meeting herders were able to discuss key land and livelihood issues directly with ministers, donors and government advisors.

 Dr Upton, the Principal Investigator for the project, said: “Mongolian herders are facing multiple pressures on their livelihoods, traditionally based on nomadic pastoralism, from climate change, mining, desertification and new policies on land. Through our project, national decision makers were brought together with affected parties and local stakeholders to debate some of the vital issues pertaining to nomadic culture, livelihoods and identity in modern Mongolia. They were also able to draw lessons from the Kazakh context, based on our project results.”

 Dr Moore, the project Research Associate, who spent 5 months conducting fieldwork in Mongolia, said: “The herders that I met were deeply aware of climatic and environmental change in their pastures that are affecting their lifestyle. They often have to move further and more often to find good grazing for their goats, sheep, horses and camels. Therefore many are concerned that any moves towards privatisation of pasture will reduce their ability to maintain their livelihoods and nomadic culture.”

 In recent years, Mongolian herders have been encouraged through government policy and donor interventions to form herder groups. These groups are designed to collaborate in pasture management, labour sharing and environmental conservation, as well as marketing of their livestock products, thus improving local livelihoods and resilience.

 A long-debated draft pastureland law, to be considered by the new Mongolian government in the next session of parliament, seeks to strengthen rights to key seasonal pastures for families and herders groups. Although this law focuses on possession rather than ownership rights, for some herders it has raised fears over the ultimate privatisation of pastureland and reduction in the ability to move, particularly in times of need.

 Government policy is also promoting intensification of livestock production. Thus, there are tensions between mobile and more sedentary livestock production in rural areas and questions are raised over the place of nomadic culture and identity in modern Mongolia.

 Dr Upton said: “This is a critical moment in decision making about the future of Mongolia’s rural areas. Enhanced rights of herders’ groups to key seasonal pastures have the potential to make positive contributions to local livelihoods and to conservation. Increases in mining activity also make the recognition of land rights especially important, so that herders’ voices may be heard in defending and seeking compensation for land loss and displacement.

 “However, centuries old traditions of mobility, flexibility and reciprocity should not be lost. As other pastoral cultures have found, ‘modernity’ does not necessarily equate with sedentarisation or privatisation. Nomadic heritages and practices retain great value”.

 The Leverhulme team are finalising detailed reports and articles to share with herders, international donors, and government policy makers, as part of their contribution to these vital, ongoing debates. Results of the work have also been presented at this years’ Royal Geographical Society (with Institute of British Geographers) annual conference in Edinburgh.