Local People, Global Forests

Earth Baby

According to Positive News, the forest dwelling indigenous people in Indonesia may soon have the legal rights to control those forests. This means they would be private property, and the government would cease to have control over them as a national resource. That means the Indonesian government couldn’t sell them to logging companies. It does mean the indigenous people could do so, but the idea is that they’d be much less likely to, seeing as the forests constitute their traditional and historic way of life.

Protection of the Indonesian rainforest is quite obviously an environmental win, but this law would also have a significant human rights side to it. Giving the indigenous people legal control over their forest homes – compared with the mere right to carry on living there – would give these people a greater respect and therefore a better quality of life.

The constitutional court actually…

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Developing a cassava-based livestock feed system in Africa

CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish

The government of Nigeria has initiated a ‘cassava transformation plan ‘to create a new generation of cassava farmers, oriented towards commercial production to generate a surplus dedicated to specific value-added chains.

The overarching aim is to turn the cassava sector in Nigeria into a major player in local and international flour, starch, sweeteners, ethanol, and dried chips markets by adopting improved production and processing technologies, and organizing producers and processors into efficient value-added chains. Implementation of the value-added chain activities will be driven by the private sector with support from the public sector.

One of the issues to be worked out is the use of cassava waste, typically the peels of cassava, that are mostly burned to produce energy. Another way to add value to the industrial cassava value chain is to turn these wastes, and possibly part of the cassava root production as well, into a cassava-base system…

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Estimating the financial costs of animal disease burden, morbidity and mortality in Nigeria

ILRI Clippings

Nigeria’s agriculture sector generates one-third of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs two-thirds of the workforce. Its recent growth dominates Nigerian non-oil economic growth. Small-scale, semi-commercial farms, settled agricultural households and transhumant pastoralists dominate production. Livestock is the second largest agricultural subsector and features 16.43 million cattle, 34.69 million sheep, 55.15 million goats, 7.18 million pigs and 183.16 million poultry. These provide nutrition and food security, and a range of services including draught power for cropping activities.

Poor animal productivity is widely attributed to the occurrence and endemicity of certain animal diseases. These are often unreported, unconfirmed or poorly documented. The financial losses associated with such outbreaks and costs associated with the disease burden are also rarely documented.

This ILRI research report by Mohamadou Fadiga, Christine Jost  and John Ihedioha documents the costs of disease burden, morbidity and mortality related to the following diseases in Nigeria: Newcastle disease (NCD)…

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Chad Suspends China’s CNPC Unit Over Environment

Ann Novek( Luure)--With the Sky as the Ceiling and the Heart Outdoors

Chad has suspended all activities of a China National Petroleum Corporation subsidiary for violations of environmental standards while drilling for crude oil in the south of the country.

Chad’s oil minister Djerassem Le Bemadjiel told state radio late on Tuesday that a decision had been taken to indefinitely suspend CNPC’s operations after a visit at the Koudalwa field about 200 km (124 miles) south of the capital.

“We found flagrant violations of environmental standards by the company … CNPC’s behavior was unacceptable,” said Le Bemadjiel.

“Not only do they not have facilities to clean spilled crude, there were also intentional spillages in order reduce costs,” the minister said.

Le Bemadjiel said China National Petroleum Corporation International Chad (CNPCIC) dug trenches and dumped crude without safeguards and then later asked local Chadian workers to remove the crude without giving them protective gear.

CNPC’s Chad subsidiary was not immediately available to comment…

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