|Scientific Name:||Camelus dromedarius|
|Other Name(s):||Dromedary Camel, Arabian Camel, One-Humped Camel|
|Number Of Species:||1|
|Location:||Asia, Africa, and Australia|
|Habitat:||Arid desert and scrubland|
|Colour:||Cream, Tan, Brown, Black, white, Fawn etc|
|Size (L):||2.2m – 3.5m (7.25ft – 11.5ft)|
|Weight:||300kg – 900kg|
|Top Speed:||64kph (40mph)|
|Prey:||Thorny and Salty Plants, Grass, Grain|
|Life Span:||40 – 50 years|
|Age Of Sexual Maturity:||3 – 5 years|
|Gestation Period:||390 – 410 days|
|Average Litter Size:||1|
|Name Of Young:||Huwwar/Calf|
|Age Of Weaning:||4-6 months|
|Estimated Population Size:||20 million|
|Most Distinctive Feature:||Long, curved neck, and large hump|
|Fun Fact:||Can survive without water for 10 months!|
Pakistan is one of the important camel countries in the world, especially because of the high milk yielder types in the country. The population of the camels is now stable but the history is a witness of a dent in the population because of the bad years (severe drought and other conflicts).
Here I try to give a visual expression of the camel population trend in the country. In this graphic expression, the data (the year 1956 to 2012) is presented which clearly tells the trends. Apparently, the camel population trends look like stable but I really do not believe in the reliability of the data.
The camel genetic resources in South Asia is under threat, especially in the great Thar desert.
Kharani camel is found in the Chaghai-Kharan desert of Balochistan Pakistan. One of the best milch animal in the world. This breed is the most efficient (producing more milk per kg dry matter feed intake) and survives sustainable in the challenging environment. There is high variability within the breed for milk production. In the wet days of the year, when there is succulent vegetation, some specimen of the breed produce up to 38 liters of milk per day.
Unfortunately, this breed is under severe threat. The main cause of erosion is the depletion of Thagaz (Halloxylon spp) which is the most important feedstuff for camels in the region. Also, there is illegal export to Iran, where it is slaughtered and erosion of this unique animal genetic resources is happening since years. The policy makers of Pakistan should take steps to conserve this precious animal with the involvement of the camels’ keepers.