The Multipurpose Camels of Iran~ World Camel’s Day

As a series of World Camel’s Day gifts (information, pictures and videos etc) is continue, this new report is hereby received from Dr Mahnaz Salehi. She is the member of scientific board of Animal Science Research Institute Animal fibers, skin and leather camel management specialist. Her report was converted and amended briefly. Here is the report about the camel status in Iran.

The camels of Iran

Nearly 150,000 Dromedary camels are lived in desert areas (South and Central) of Iran; the majority of country’s camel is dromedary. Most of these camels still not been identified, because for extensive rearing system and release of camels in most parts of the country. The other factor is camels are often mixed together and crossbreed by the other foreign camel from Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Therefore they are divided into dual and multi-purpose (meat-milk and wool-meat); milk type and riding camel. The major breeds contained as followed:

  1. Dual purpose camels:
Balochi Breed

Balochi camels in central, east and south east at the border lines of Afghanistan and Pakistan. This breed is known as Kharani breed in Balochistan and very good in milk production.

Kalkuei Breed of camel

Kalkuei camel found in central parts of Iran.

Zahedani Camel

Zahedani camel in south east at the border lines of Pakistan. This camel is also found in Pakistani Balochistan.

Mahabadi camel in Esfahan province in central
Mahabadi Camel Breed

Mahabadi camel is found in Esfahan province in central Iran

Dashti camel.jpg
Dashti camel (Desert)

Dashti camel, their origin is in Boushher province (south of Iran) near the Persian Gulf

Arabi Camel

Arabi camel found in Kozestan and Boushher provinces near the Iraq boarder



Yazdi camel breed

Yazdi camel found in central of country in yazd province.

  1. The milk type camel
Turkmani breed

Turkamani, raising in Gonbad and Gorlestan province in North East of Iran. This camel is widely use by pastoral people.


  1. Riding type


Bandari Breed (coastal)

The Bandari camel breed is found in south at the coastal line of Persian Gulf


These camels are divided into two branches, riding (Jamaz camels) and pack camels. Their origin is south or south east of Iran near the Pakistan boards and their number are reducing gradually.


Jamaz breed of Sistan Balochistan

Jamaz of Sistan and Baluchestan camel found in south-east along the border lines of Pakistan. This breed is also found in Pakistani Balochistan.

RoodBari camels 

Roodbari camel and the other type of camel from Kerman province in south. This breed also found in the adjoining areas of Pakistani Balochistan.

  1. Bactrian (two hump) camels
Bactrian camels of Iran

Now there are only about 200 Bactrian camels in Ardabil and Moghan (North West of country) and due to its small population, this breed is enlisted as an endangered species

Two hum Bactrian camels in Golestan (North of Country)

Unfortunately there are very few specimen left to exist. This breed is near to extinction.


  1. crossbreed camel

There are also around 1000 crossbreed camel for benefit hetrosis in central regions. 

Crossbred (B male * D Female) in rural and station breeding farms

There are also around 1000 crossbreed camel for benefit hetrosis in central regions.


Mahnaz Salehi –World Camel Day 2016


Author: Dr Raziq

I’m PhD in Animal Agriculture, currently working as a Technical Manager at Al Ain Farms for Livestock Production, Camel dairying, Alain, UAE. I had performed as a Professor and Dean, at the Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences Pakistan (LUAWMS). I work on and write for the subjects of ‘turning camel from a beast of burden to a sustainable farm animal’, agricultural research policies, extensive livestock production systems, food security under climate change context, and sustainable use of traditional genetic resources for food and agriculture. Iim advocating camel under the theme of CAMEL4LIFE and believe in camel potential. I’m the founder and head of the Society of Animal, Veterinary and Animal Scientists (SAVES), and Founder of the Camel Association of Pakistan. I also work as a freelance scientist working (currently member of steering committee) for Desert Net International (DNI). I’m an ethnoecologist, ethnobotanist, Ethnovet and ethomedicie researcher and reviewer. I explore deserts and grazing lands for knowledge and understanding.

6 thoughts on “The Multipurpose Camels of Iran~ World Camel’s Day”

  1. dear Dr Raziq
    special thanks for your valuable research on Iranian camel population.
    it was very use full in my PhD theses.
    warm regards

    1. Dear Pouya,
      I hope you are fine and well. It is a great pleasure hearing that from you, that my work is making values. I’m really happy for that and congratulate you from this end.
      Please send me the PDF copy of your work in case it is already approved and vailable.
      My best regards

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