Lessons learnt from droughts in North-eastern Balochistan
We are the custodian of the livestock breeds, so we tried our best as our ancestors did to save it at any cost.
The first possible solution for the problem to save livestock in hard years we found is culling of the larger herd/flocks. To sell out the sick, old, weak and unproductive animals in the start of the dry period is an important tool to fight against the drought. Spend the money gained through the sale of the culled animals on the feeding and health of the animals.
We learnt that we must divide the livestock specie wise, i.e. sending the goat flocks to the high mountains along with the donkeys and young vigorous family members. There was still vegetation in the mountains but there was scarcity of water. The young men can convey water on the donkey back to the goat in remote as the indigenous goat consumes lesser amount of water. Movement of the camel to the remote is also the solution for saving camel. The camel can consume woody vegetation in the remote highlands and can resist water scarcity.
We learnt that camel is the main solution for the drought period. Camel can reach to the remote water point after a long period of grazing. The remote vegetation can be judiciously consume by camel in winter as camel need water once in a week in winter. The camel is also fit for traveling and transportation of family luggage in the inaccessible areas of the mountainous ecology of our region.
Animal health cure is also very important in the dry years, as the weak and emaciated animals are more prone to disease.